About us/ Socio Economic Features
SOCIO ECONOMIC FEATURES
The education need of Angadanan is presently provided by sixteen (16) primary schools, fifteen are public and one private school thirty four (34) Elementary Schools and Integrated Schools, four (4) Secondary Schools and one (1) State University which are all public schools and one private primary school. In the primary and elementary schools, only seven (7) schools has an administrative offices, two (2) schools has clinic and one (1) library and the rest has comfort rooms and playground as their school facilities, the only private primary school is provided with computer room. For high school, most of them have several facilities like laboratory, shop building and the rest has comfort rooms and playground however, the high school annexes has only comfort room and playground. The State University has almost the necessary school facilities.
- ENROLLMENT BY LEVEL OF EDUCATION
Enrollment data for school year 2010-2011 on the elementary: secondary and tertiary levels reported a total of 8,430 students. 5,038 or 60% are enrolled in the elementary level; 2,580 or 31% are enrolled in the secondary level and 812 or 9% are enrolled in the tertiary level:
It can be noted that based from the percentage ranks there is a sharp decline in enrollment from elementary to secondary education which can be mainly attributable to poverty prevalent in the municipality. However, the decrease in the enrollment from secondary to tertiary level may be attributed to the preference of High School graduates to pursue college in cities and other municipalities to take up courses not offered in the Isabela State University – Angadanan Campus.
- STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO
The elementary level has two hundred fifty four (254) teachers with a student-teacher ratio of 20:1. Secondary level has a student-teacher ratio of 35:1. This indicates a light student load per teacher is prevailing at present in the locality.
- STUDENT-CLASSROOM RATIO
There are available classrooms presently utilized for elementary levels totaling two hundred thirty (230) with student classroom ratio of 22:1, secondary level with seventy three (73) classrooms has a prevailing ratio of 37:1. This indicates that the classrooms for all school levels are adequate and far better than the Standards prescribed by DECS to be 1:35 student-teacher and student-classroom ratio for elementary and 1:40 for secondary.
- ENROLLMENT PARTICIPATION RATE
The enrollment participation rate for 2010 is 81% participation rate for Elementary level and 69% for the Secondary level
- CONDITION OF EXISTING SCHOOL BUILDINGS
Generally, the fifty (50) primary, elementary and integrated schools, four (4) high schools and one (1) University are in good condition at present and needs, no major rehabilitation work as reported by the Department of Education (DeEd) in Angadanan. Construction materials used are concrete, wood and GI sheets.
- HEALTH RESOURCES, FACILITIES AND SERVICES
The provision of public health services is one of the priority concerns of the Local Government Unit. The municipality has one Rural Health Unit and six (6) Barangay Health Stations located at La Suerte, Dalenat, Rang-ayan, Bunnay, Viga and Loria with a personnel complement of one (1) Municipal Health Officer, two(2) public nurses, one (1) Dentist, one (1) dental aide, seven (7) midwives, one (1) sanitary inspector, one (1) Med Tech and one(1) Nutrition Officer. The municipality has also a birthing center.
- NUMBER, NATURE OF SERVICES AND FACILITIES BY TYPE OF SOCIAL WELFARE ORGANIZATION
The social welfare services in the municipality is handled by the devoted personnel of DSWD with the passage of the Local Government Code of 1991. This unit was mandated to provide social welfare services to families especially in difficult circumstances (EDC), children and youth, persons with disabilities, senior citizens and distressed/displaced families and individuals.
There were identified social welfare organizations in Angadanan called the parent’s committee. Services offered by this group were a) family life education and counselling , b) family planning assistance services, c) supplemental feeding to malnourished children and d) medical care services and relief assistance. There are 49 barangay day care centers in the municipality.
- PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS
The local social welfare unit is implementing seventeen (17) on-going programs and projects in the municipality and is responsible to the development needs of the municipality. Establishment of additional day care centers is one project that needs to be prioritized in order that the municipality will be more responsive to the development needs in terms of social welfare services.
Shelter planning has primarily been the responsibility of National Government agencies until the passage of the Local Government Code of 1991 (R.A. 7160) and the Urban Development And Housing Act of 1992 (R.A.7279). These two laws mandates local Government units (LGU) to implement programs and projects in low cost housing and other man dwelling specially for the underprivileged and homeless.
The following are the assessment of the existing level; and condition of housing in the locality.
- HOUSING UNITS
a) In 2015 there were 9,676 housing units which were occupied by 9,676 households.
b) It also revealed that there were 4.45 persons per household per occupied unit.
c) In 2015 data from NSO revealed that 70.45 % of the housing units were built from strong materials for outer walls while 82.22% of the roofing used were galvanized iron.
- TENURIAL STATUS AND FINANCING
a) A majority of the 9,676 households, 83.22% own their housing units, majority of the building constructed were single house.
b) A majority own the lot where their house is being erected.
- OTHER FEATURES OF HOUSING UNITS
a) of the total 9,676 households, 80.94% use water sealed toilet exclusively by the household and the rests are either closed pit (antipolo type) open pit or others.
b) of the total 9,676 household only 9.02% have access to community water system (water system level II and III) while the majority households access water from deep wells, dug wells, shallow wells and springs.
PUBLIC ORDER AND SAFETY
- POLICE FORCE
There are currently 24 policemen and two (2) non uniformed personnel in the municipality, for a population of 43,061 in 2015, the ratio of one policeman to residents is 1,794 this is very far from the range of the minimum standard- policemen to population ratio of 1:1000. Its headquarters is temporarily located at the left wing of the Community Center of the Municipality while their permanent station is under construction within the municipal compound. It has also one (1) innova, one (1) mahindra enforcer and one (1) Rouser motorcycle as its service vehicles. There are also volunteers as barangay tanod in the 59 barangays to serve as peace-keeping group in their respective barangays. Crimes reported in 2015 are, three (3) cases ofviolation of RA10591 (kontra boga) One (1) case of violation of RA 9165 (comprehensive dangerous drugs act of 2002), one (1) case of illegal G melina lumber confiscation and twenty three (23) different crimes committed like theft, statutory rape, violations of RA 7160, violations of RA 9262, attempted homicide and less serious physical injury.
- FIRE PROTECTION
The municipality has one (1) fire station located in the town proper with two (2) fire trucks . There are six (6) firemen to a ratio of one (1) fireman for every 7,176 residents in the municipality. Record shows that for the past four (4) years, there are three (3) fire incidents that happened in Angadanan.
SPORTS and RECREATION
The prevalent recreational facility existing in the Municipality are basketball courts in which majority of them were constructed in concrete pavement. All barangays has this type of recreational facility which also serves for other purposes like drying agriculture products, social activities and other. Basketball and volleyball is the kind of recreational activities most liked by the residents in the municipality. Likewise, concreting of unpaved facilities should be given priority as it serves as a multi-purpose as well. Sports and recreational opportunities in Angadanan are inadequate; however, residents in the locality have access to more substantial entertainment and variety of recreational facilities in the nearby cities of Cauayan and Santiago
- CROP SECTOR
Of the total land area of 20.440 hectares in the municipality 13,919.47 hectares or 68.10% are devoted in agricultural crop production. About 5,628.53 hectares or 41.00% of the total agricultural land devoted to crop production is being used for the production of yellow corn. Rice production area accounted for 4,455.78 hectares representing 32.00% of the total agricultural land for crop production wherein 3,500.88 hectares were irrigated areas and 954.90 hectares were non-irrigated. A total of 2,611.84 hectares representing 19.00% of the agricultural land for crop production was utilized for the production of high value commercial crops like banana, mango, cassava, coffee, cacao and vegetables.
The total palay production in 2010 reached 23,848.49 metric tons harvested from a total area of 4,932.54 hectares and approximately valued at P 286,181,880.00 million. The average yield level for irrigated areas was 5.82 metric tons per hectare while for non-irrigated areas is 1.68 metric tons per hectare. The total corn production for 2010 was 61,513.17 metric tons harvested from a total area of 8,203.63 hectares and approximately valued at P514,478,199.00 million obtaining an average yield of 7.50 metric tons per hectare.
High value commercial crops production in 2010 shows that fruits total production was 38,372 metric tons harvested from a total area of 719.41 hectares. Most dominant fruit species produced were bananas and mangoes. Vegetables total production was 2,586.55 metric tons harvested from a total area of 42.54 hectares and coffee , cacao and root crops produced was 36.84 metric tons harvested from a total area of 21.35 hectares.
There was an increase in the area planted to rice from 4,628.45 hectares in 2009 to 4,932.54 hectares in 2010 but the production decreases from 24,401.85 metric tons in 2009, the total production for 2010 slipped to 23,848.49 metric tons due to El Nino phenomenon. The area planted to corn decreases by 961.99 hectares and the production decreased by l5,969.66 metric tons.
Inventory of livestock and poultry in 2010 shows that the municipality has the following animal population: a) carabao – 3,660 heads, b) cattle – 5,248 heads, c) swine – 6,583 heads, d) goat – 1,304 heads, c) chicken – 50,703 heads, and f) duck/Muscovy- 8,181 heads, horse/sheep- 159 heads, mallard/turkey – 857 heads.
An inventory of commercial livestock farms in 2010 shows that there are 17 operators engaged in cattle production located in 12 barangays of the municipality and having a cattle population of 612 heads. One (1) operator is in piggery production with a total population of l59 heads, and two (2) sheep farms with a population of 52 heads.
Commercial poultry operators were recorded in 2010 with four (4) operators engaged in chicken production and nine (9) operators were engaged in duck raising.
Freshwater fishponds operating in the municipality are engaged in grow-out production and fingerling production of Tilapia species. Fishpond area aggregated to 43.8072 hectares with an average yield of 6,614 kilograms per hectare. Other fishery resources are the communal bodies of water where sustenance fishing is being undertaken.
- AGRICULTURAL FACILITIES AND OTHER RELATED SERVICES
Irrigation facilities cover a total of 3,753.86 hectares service areas broken down as follows: a) national irrigation systems 3,151.86 hectares. b) communal irrigation systems 416 hectares c) pump irrigation system 62 hectares and d) shallow tube well/small farm reservoir 124 hectares.
Agricultural support facilities in the municipality are private warehouse, rice mill, corn mill, combined rice and corn mill, multi-purpose drying pavement, rice thresher, corn sheller, mechanical dryer, tractors, water pumps and drying pavements.
There are no more forestry activities in the municipality like timber production, agro forests plantation on community based forest management because of the logging ban. The only Forestry related activity is pasture and grazing monitoring of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources.
TRADE AND COMMERCE
Small business establishment currently operating in the municipality are twenty two (22) eateries, restaurants and canteens, all located in the urban area, 594 Sari-sari Stores located in different barangays, eight (8) bakeries, (6) water refilling stations, two (2) funeral parlors and , ten (10) grains buying station, all located in the poblacion. At present the municipality has only permanent wet market and a temporary dry market while the municipality is in the process of applying for a loan and looking for funding to construct the new dry market.
The large establishments are primarily engaged in rice and corn trading, commercial poultry, gasoline station, beverage distributor and truck scale.
- LAND TRANSPORTATION
There were 1,749 land transport vehicle in actual operation in the municipality in 2010, of the total vehicles,1024 are private units and 725 are public utility vehicles, with regards to the type of vehicles, 681 units or 38.93% are motorcycles (2 wheeled), 648 units or 37.05% are tricycles (3 wheeled) and 420 units or 24.02% comprises of 4 or more wheels vehicles. the major mode of public utility transportation prevailing in the municipality are tricycles plying the Angadanan Alicia-Angadanan route, Angadanan poblacion and adjacent barangays. However, there are public jeepneys going to and from the municipalities of San Guillermo and Alicia that traverses Angadanan.
- RURAL KILOMETERAGE
The existing road in Angadanan has a total length of 280.333 kilometers . Provincial road has an aggregate length of 36.5 kms. where, 30 kms. or 82.00% are concrete paved while 6.5 kms. or 17.00% are graveled roads. The municipal road has a total length of 6.283 kms. Kilometers and 100% concreted. Barangay roads cover a total length of 237.55 kms., 44.11 kms. are concrete or l8.56% while 72.57 kms. are graveled or 30.50% and 120.87 kms. or 50.00% are earth roads.
The municipality has 15 existing concrete bridges with a total span of 270 meter with a width ranging from 4 to 5 meter and a loading capacity from 5 to 15 tons. These are located in 15 barangays. Pigalo Bridge which is longest bridge in Barangay Loria which crosses the Cagayan River and serves as a major access to the Municipality of San Guillermo was destroyed by Thypoon Pedring and Quiel.
- TELEPHONE SERVICES
Wireless telephone systems through cellular phones provides the majority telephone services of the people in the Municipality, there are three (3) cell sites in the municipality, One (1) owned by Smart located at Centro 2 and Two (2) owned by Globe located at Centro 2 and Viga.
- TELEGRAPH AND POSTAL SERVICES
BUTEL is operating one telegraph office with a capacity of 1000 telegraph/year. Postal services is being provided by the post office at the municipal office at the multi-purpose building with a mail distribution center and stamping machine. The volume of transaction for the last 3 years in the municipality for telegram/telegraph, letter and packages services is not that significant due to the invention of cell phone and the presence of baggage service companies.
- BROADCAST MEDIA AND TELEVISION SERVICES
The municipality can be reached by radio programs provided by AM and FM stations nationwide. Daily television shows were provided by a local cable TV network NSCV covering Centro 1, 2, 3, Rancho Bassit, Pissay, Baui, Kalusutan, Viga and Fugaru Region, television shows can be availed in the rests of the municipality by means of television antenna. NSCV is also providing internet services to its clients in areas covered by their cable services.
The power supply of the municipality comes from the National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR) Sub-station in Santiago City. Electricity is provided by Isabela Electric Cooperative I (ISELCO 1) and cover all the 59 barangays of the municipality.
Data from ISELCO I, shows that in 2015 the number of households served with electricity in the rural and urban areas is 8,266 households were served by the cooperative. The number of connections by types of users are broken down as follows: a) Domestic 8,266, b) industrial 10, c) commercial 95, d) public buildings 164, and e) streetlights, 935with a total average consumption of 446,383 kilowatt hour per month.
Level I water system is the most common facility in Angadanan with l40 shallow wells, 1,012 deep wells and One (1) developed spring serving about 7,793 households. Level II system serving clustered houses has a pump whose capacity is 10 liters per second. The pump is located in Barangay Baui which serves 253 households in Barangays Baui, Kalusutan and Pissay. Other water sources like undeveloped spring were also found in some barangays.
Level III system or individual house connections are being provided by the Angadanan Waterworks System. Its pump and water tank is located in Centro II and has a production capacity of 118,800 liters per day. The system serves Barangay Centro I,
Centro II, Centro III and Rancho Bassit. It has 512 domestic consumers and 25 commercial consumers and 17 Government consumers with an average monthly water consumption of l6.84 cubic meters, 45.12 and 20.44 cubic meters respectively.
IRRIGATION AND FLOOD CONTROL
At the present, there are four (4) types of irrigation system in Angadanan. The Magat River Integrated Irrigation System (MRIIS) has a total service area of 3,151.86 hectares, communal irrigation system has a service area of 416 hectares, pump irrigation system has a service area of 62 hectares. Other irrigated areas covering 124 hectares were served by the shallow tube well irrigation systems.
There is an existing flood control infrastructure in the municipality located at Centro 1,Angadanan, Isabela . Drainage system is on- going construction to avoid flooding in the urban area. Flood prone areas which are being inundated during flood from a range 0f 20-50 meters from the riverside causing damages to agricultural crops are Barangay Rancho Bassit and San Guillermo. Flooding occurences in Barangay Ingud Norte, Allangigan and Kalusutan is recorded every 5 years.
LIQUID AND SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL
The municipality has one dump truck that undertakes garbage collection thrice a week in the town proper serving Barangays Centro I. Centro II, Centro III. A common dumpsite with San Guillermo serves as the waste disposal of the municipality located at San Vicente, Angadanan, Isabela. In the rural areas, residents resorted to individual pit dumping, burning and composting as a means of garbage disposal.
The drainage system of the municipality serves as the sewerage system in the municipality and the different types of toilet facilities commonly used are the water sealed type, closed pit (Antipolo type) and open pit. The used of undeveloped pit system which empties directly into lower areas are common to far flung barangays of the municipality.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION
The Municipal mayor is the highest public official in the municipality and as the Chief Local Executive; she discharges overall Executive and Administrative functions on local governance pursuant to the provisions of the Local Government Code of 1991(RA 7160). The present Municipal administration is headed by Mayor LOURDES S. PANGANIBAN, a third termer Municipal Mayor of the Municipality of Angadanan.
Legislative functions such as enactment of local ordinances, the approval of the municipal budget, the imposition of taxes and levies are vested in the Sangguniang Bayan (SB). The SB is headed by the Vice-Mayor as its presiding officer. It has nine (9) council members of which, eight (8) are elective and one (1) is an ex-officio member, the Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) President.
The municipality of Angadanan has designed and implemented its own organizational structure and staffing pattern in accordance with RA 7160, taking into consideration its service requirements and financial capability subject to the minimum standards and guidelines prescribed by the Civil Service Commission (CSC).
The municipality of Angadanan has a personnel complement of Seventy Six (76) permanent employees, two(2) temporary and One (1) Co-terminus employee and sixty three (63) Job Orders in the year 2015. Almost 92% of the regular employees has civil service eligibilities.
The municipality is being classified as 3rd class municipality and has been exercising the full implementation of the Salary Standardization Law (SSL) to its employees.
FISCAL ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGEMENT
For the past Five (5) year period from 2011-2015, the annual revenue of Angadanan increases from P72,394,491.06 in 2011 to P101,223,518.40 in 2015 or an average annual growth rate of 15.00%. Similarly, its expenditures increase every year during the period of an average annual growth rate of 11.10%. However, it is significant to note that the municipality had been incurring surplus every year during the period. This can be attributed to sound fiscal management.
Local revenues are derived mainly from two sources: 1) allotments and aids from the national government and 2) local taxes, fees and charges.
During the period 2015 the bulk of the revenue came from the Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) which constitutes about 92.00% of the aggregate revenues during the period. The local tax revenue on real property tax and local taxes accounted for 2.00% and the local non-tax revenue on government business operations and operating and services income accounted 5.00%. The percentage distribution of the revenue sources clearly shows the overwhelming dependency of the municipality in IRA as far as revenue is concerned.
The expenditure by sources for the year 2015s shows that expenditures for general administration which includes Personal Services and Maintenance and Operating Expenses accounted for 76.62% during the period. Public Welfare and Internal Safety which includes projects on Protective Services and Social Improvement accounted for l6.66% while Expenditure on Economic Development accounted for 6.72%.